The Goodwill Theatre has received a grant from the Documentary Heritage Program of the New York State Archives, a unit of the New York State Education Department. The goal of this grant is to undertake a project to identify and survey undocumented historical records pertaining to the development and history of the medical program undertaken by the Endicott Johnson Corporation. Such historical records include materials such as plans and polices of the health benefits, medical benefit booklets, photographs, memorabilia, correspondence, nurse training information, and records pertaining to numbers served and cost of services for the company.
The Goodwill Theatre has been spear-heading historical documentation in Johnson City, New York in regards to the Endicott-Johnson Corporation for 15 years. Goodwill Theatre Inc. completed a Conceptual Master Plan for a Health & Cultural District for the Village of Johnson City in March of 2013 which was adopted by the Village of Johnson City Trustees in December 2013. A goal of the Plan is to continue historical documentation for archival purposes and to use it for future interpretation. It has been recognized that the “health” component of the Endicott-Johnson Corporation welfare capitalism story has been under-documented in regards to the health reform programs that were provided for employees and their dependents from 1910 to 1970. Particular interest in the E-J medical plan springs from the fact that Goodwill Theatre Inc. offices are housed in the Former Medical Clinic at 67 Broad Street.
The Endicott-Johnson (E-J) Corporation, manufacturers of Boots and Shoes, influenced the development of Binghamton, Johnson City & Endicott from the late 19th through late 20th century. The industrial heritage of this company and the immigration that resulted from its growth impacted the state and the nation with “The Square Deal” welfare reform policies that engendered loyalty and work ethic for their employees. Existing documentation covers the corporate paternalistic practices of this company and its leader, George F. Johnson. This documentation includes the life of the leader, his company and workers, the immigrants, recreational facilities and E-J worker homes. There is a large under-documented part of the story on health reform that is needed to accurately complete this important piece of NYS heritage.
Cradle-to-grave medical care included health care for all employees and their dependents, but if needed, a patient would be sent to a sanatorium in the Adirondacks for tuberculosis, or to New York City to see a specialist. It has been said that E-J provided this along with the bus ticket to the location and spending money. This work is critical to obtain whatever archival documents exist to accurately document and interpret the health reform story that occurred here.
Goodwill Theatre Inc. is requesting information from local residents whose families participated in E-J Health and Medical services as patients, physicians and/or nurses. Residents who have documents, mementos, anecdotes, and/or memorabilia are encouraged to contact the Village of Johnson City Historian, Janet Ottman at 607-798-9803 extension 260 or email her at firstname.lastname@example.org with information and/or questions. We want to know if you have records or know of someone who does.
There is also a form that can be downloaded from the Goodwill Theatre Inc. website www.goodwilltheatre.net. Residents can also call 607-772-2404 ext. 301 to request a form to be mailed to them.
Download an EJ Medical Story form here.
Goodwill Theatre Inc. is not collecting actual artifacts but rather documenting what is available in the community. If residents would like to donate memorabilia, the Advisory committee formed for the grant award will recommend several options as repositories.
Consultant, Yvonne Deligato, will compile an overall historical review of the E-J Corporation and Welfare Capitalism focusing on the health reform benefits provided by the company from 1910 to 1970. Ms. Deligato will also is guide the Advisory Committee which consists of :Gerry Smith – Broome County Historian for 40 years, Roger Luther – President of PAST, Daria Golazeski- Former Planner of the Village of Johnson City and member of the Susquehanna Heritage Commission, Gail Domin- Former Chief Broome County Planner and Executive Director, Susquehanna Heritage Area Commission, Ted Warner – former Endicott historian and active officer of the Olde Union Historical Society, and Janet Ottman – Village of Johnson City Historian.